Diet quality, parental perceptions, and weight gain among adolescents with an intellectual/developmental disability
Without early and effective prevention and treatment strategies for individuals at risk for obesity, an increasing number of US children can be expected, for the first time, to experience a shorter lifespan than their parents.Statistics from nationally representative and chart-review studies indicate that rates of overweight and obesity are even greater among children and adolescents with intellectual developmental disabilities (IDD), compared to youths without an IDD. Moreover, approximately 60-80% of children and adolescents with an IDD have idiosyncratic food preferences and eating habits which limit their ability to tolerate certain food flavors, colors,temperature, and textures, which complicates traditional approaches to weight loss. The objective of this grant
proposal is to identify how diet quality affects body mass index percentile, and to test determinants of diet quality among adolescents with an IDD who are participating in an ongoing federally funded randomized controlled weight-loss trial.